Ebola virus disease also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever or simply Enola is one of the rarest and most dangerous diseases nowadays. This has proved to be a lethal complication that requires immediate treatment. It is caused by the Ebola viruses. This takes place in an epidemic form and has become of serious nature these days. The number of deaths and victims is increasing day by day due to this disease. Check this list of top 10 things you must know about Ebola virus disease.
10. Ebola Outbreaks
For a decade or two, the Ebola outbreaks have taken place in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Gabon, Uganda, and South Africa. Currently, this disease is wide spread in West Africa. The outbreak of Ebola during 2014 was of drastic and dangerous nature. Since 1976 when its first case was identified till today, there are over 1700 victims of Ebola confirmed by WHO.
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9. Signs and Symptoms
Some of the symptoms of this disease are sudden influenza like conditions featured by fever, tiredness, joints pain, headache, sore throat, muscle pain and others. Sometimes abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting can also occur. The severe type of the disease may lead you to suffer from chest pain and swelling and this should be treated immediately.
8. Differential Diagnosis
The initial disease symptoms resemble the signs of dengue fever and malaria, but there is totally different diagnosis needed for Ebola virus disease. It includes pervasive diagnosis and requires deliberation of infections like typhoid, cholera, sepsis, shigellosis, borreliosis, plaque, rickettsial disease, enterohemorrhagic E.coli enteritis, Q fever, measles, and other diseases.
Ebola virus disease requires proper treatment, but unfortunately it is too complicated to diagnose. At the initial stages, blood and urine tests are done, followed by isolating the virus by cell culture and detection with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay as well as polymerase chain reaction. A number of other tests are also conducted for the diagnosis of the disease.
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine of proper medicine available for Ebola virus disease. Some of the common treatments are intake of much water, maintenance of body fluids, replacement of blood with fresher one, and others. WHO recommends the use of ibuprofen or aspirin for pain.
The recovery from Ebola is dependent upon how severe the disease is. It usually starts between seven and fourteen days after the disease’s arrival. If bleeding takes place, then there are chances that you may loss extreme blood. In such a situation, you require immediate blood transfusion.
4. Causes of Ebola
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is caused due to a virus of family Filoviridae and genus Ebola virus. It has 5 species that resemble to each other like Sudan virus, Bundibugyo virus, Tai Forest virus and Ebola virus. These cause diseases in the human beings.
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3. Risk of Exposure
Healthcare professionals recommend the patients of Ebola to stay away from healthy individuals. You should not go for sexual contacts, blood transfusion, fluids transfusion when the disease takes place, because it may get developed in healthy persons as well.
Ebola disease spreads through direct contact with body fluids or blood of an individual after the symptoms have established. It can also get transferred from mucous, saliva, tears, sweat, urine, feces, breast milk and semen. Mothers with Ebola shouldn’t feed their kids till completely recovered.
1. Prevention and Control
Precautions are better than treatment. People should get education about Ebola virus from healthcare professionals. There is a strong need to conduct workshops to keep the individuals aware from viral and bacterial diseases. Protective measures include using hygienic equipment, and avoiding contaminated fluids.
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